Indonesia’s Bill on Geospatial Information (“Law”) was passed by the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat / DPR) on 5 April 2011, a little over a year after being submitted to the DPR (16/2/2010). Although the Law has now been passed, it can take up to a further 2 years before it is fully implemented (Article 70). In accordance with Law No. 10 of 2004 on the Formation of Laws and Regulations, the date of enactment will be within 30 days of the Law’s passage, or when signed by the President, whichever is the earliest. At that time the Law will be assigned a number. It should be noted that geospatial information in Indonesia has never been subject to a regulatory framework at the level of a law. Historically, basic geospatial information and thematic geospatial information are based on information collected during the Dutch colonial era, which has over time been updated by different institutions, both government and private, for their own purposes (HukumOnline.com, 2011).
It is evident that geospatial information in Indonesia is often inaccurate, with multiple cases of the government issuing mining concessions as well as oil and gas drilling permits relying on inaccurate geospatial information. Notably, Freeport was granted a mining concession for copper, but was later alleged to be mining more of gold than copper, a mineral that is significantly higher in value.
A similar case is Exxon Mobil and the Cepu Blok, where it was reported that Exxon utilized high-tech geospatial satellite information to locate a large quantity of oil reserves in the Cepu Blok, while Indonesia relied on a different set of geospatial information. Resulting in bargaining over different quantity of oil reserves in the production sharing agreement (HukumOnline.com, 2011).
The Law itself provides more than a legal framework in acquiring accurate geospatial data for decision and policy making, it also stipulates the establishment of a government institution that will ensure the administration of national geospatial information, and the process of how geospatial information is acquired and distributed.
TecCom Studies se encuentra bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento-No Comercial-Sin ObraDerivada 3.0 Unported.
Diseño y gestión, Funkycom.