Development of Communication Technology in Indonesia When General Soeharto took office as the second President in 1966, a modest but sensible economic development plan was adopted. Education was made available to a greater number of people, helping to increase literacy levels. The growth in infrastructure throughout the vast archipelago stimulated social mobility and created a huge domestic market. During his thirty-two years at the helm, Soeharto brought Indonesia increased stability in the political, economic, social, and security areas. Despite some progress, Indonesia is witness to corruption and mismanagement in implementing economic plans. Collusion, corruption, and cronysimare common in almost all walks of life. Nevertheless, throughout Soeharto’s New Order era significantly upgraded the nation’s physical infrastructure. From 1975 to 1990, the installed capacity of the state electricity company, the number of telephone lines, and the length of paved roads increased significantly. A successful satellite system, known as Palapa, was established to provide a communication link between Jakarta and all provinces of Indonesia (Ananto, 2004). Indonesia is one of few countries during 70's which owned their own communication satellite.
Today, as many other developing countries, Indonesia is not considered as world's leading parties in science and technology developments. However, throughout its history, there have been notable achievements and contributions made by Indonesian for science and technology. Currently, the republic's Ministry of Research and Technology is the official body in charge of science and technology development in the nation. In 2010, the Indonesian government has allocated Rp 1.9 trillion (approximately US$205 million) or less than 1 percent of the total state expenditure for research and development (Maulia, 2011).
Since 1976, a series of Palapa satellites named have been built and launched in the United States for Indonesia's state-owned telecommunication company, Indosat. In Internet technology, an Indonesian information technology scientist, Onno W. Purbo has developed RTRW-net, a community-based internet infrastructure which provide affordable Internet access possible for people in rural areas (Sabarini, 2010).
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